Puncture Or Wound :

  • Bleeds excessively
  • Spurts blood
  • Does not stop bleeding after 10 minutes of firm pressure
  • Is to the chest, abdomen, or neck
  • Is accompanied by an emergency symptoms: severe pain, fast breathing or trouble breathing, vomiting, dizziness, unconsciousness
  • Is to the eye or in the throat. Leave the object in place. Keep the person calm.
Call or see a health care provider immediately if:
  • The object that caused the puncture wound cannot be easily removed
  • The puncture wound is deep, on the face, or touching bone
  • The wound is visibly dirty
  • The wound is an animal or human bite
  • The wound occurred through the bottom of a shoe — stepping on a nail

for example

Remove the Object if You Can:

  • If the object that caused the puncture is small and you can easily remove it, do so.

Stop the Bleeding:

  • Apply firm, direct pressure with sterile gauze or clean cloth until bleeding stops.

Clean and Protect the Wound:

  • Rinse the wound under clean water for several minutes. Then wash the area with mild soap and water and rinse again.
  • Apply an antibiotic cream.
  • Use a sterile bandage to protect the puncture wound from dirt or further injury.
Treat Pain:
  • For pain, give painkillers
  • Follow-up
  • See a healthcare provider for any signs of infection: redness, increasing pain, swelling, or pus at the site.
  • Ask the health care provider if a tetanus shot is needed.
  • Some wounds may need antibiotics. Ask the healthcare