Rolling stock used exclusively for transport of goods is termed as freight stock. Freight Stock is broadly classified either according to their under gear or according to the utility.
Bogie wagons and four wheeler wagons:
At present only Brake van is in service, other 4 wheeler wagons like tank wagon and CRT wagons are phased out.
There are four different types of bogie used in wagons, They are
- Diamond frame bogie
- Cast steel Bogie
- UIC fabricated bogie
- CASNUB Bogie
Classification according to utility:
- Open wagons
- Covered wagons
- Flat wagons
- Hopper wagons
- Well wagons
- Container wagons
- Tank wagons
- Brake vans
These are wagons are used for transportation of coal, ore, limestone’s etc, which does not require protection from rain. The wagons are provided with flap doors for ease of loading/unloading of consignment.
The consignments which are required to be protected from rain are transported in covered wagons. These wagons generally carry food grains, cement, fertilizers, fruits & vegetables etc.
These wagons are without side walls and are generally used for carrying steel, They are
- rails sleepers etc
These are special wagons designed for Rapid discharge from the bottom. These are used for transporting coal and ballast.
These wagons have well shaped under the frame and are used for larger consignments like military tanks, heavy equipment etc.
These are special flat wagons designed for handling containers.
These are wagons designed to carry liquid consignment like petroleum products, milk, edible oils, etc.
These are guards van used with freight trains as the last vehicle.
OPEN WAGONS :
Designed in 1967 for heavy minerals. Axle Load – 22.9t. Cast Steel Bogie. It has no doors. Speed 65/75 Kmph.
Introduced in 2006 for operation at 25t Axle Load. Bogie -Casnub 22NLC. Differentiated from BOY by an Olive Green Band. Speed restricted to 50/65 Kmph.
Designed in 1980 for coal. Axle Load – 20.32t. CASNUB Bogie, Speed 75/80 Kmph.
In 2005 for increasing the CC up to CC+8+2t, suspension of BOXN is augmented by providing additional springs. A caption “Fitted with additional springs for Axle Load of 22.2t” in the center of the wagon in golden yellow is printed to differentiate. Bogie side frame is also painted with Golden Yellow band. Speed 70/80 Kmph for CC+6+2t & 60/80 Kmph for CC+8+2t.
Introduced in 2006 for operation with 25t Axle Load. Bogie – Casnub22 NLC. Differentiated from BOXN by an Olive Green Band. Speed restricted to 50/65 Kmph.
Designed in 2000. The variant of BOXN with Casnub 22HS bogie for increasing speed. Differentiated from BOXN by a Golden Yellow band.Speed 100/100 Kmph.
In 2005 for operation up to CC+8+2 t, suspension of BOXNHS modified by providing two additional inner springs. Differentiated from BOXNHS by a caption “Fitted with additional springs for Axle Load 22.82t” in center of the Golden Yellow band. Bogie side frame also provided with Golden Yellow band. Speed 75/90 Kmph for CC+6+2t and 60/90 Kmph for CC+8+2t.
Designed in 1999. The material of the body of BOXN changed to stainless steel (IRS: M 44). Other parameters are same as BOXN.
Designed in 2007. It is upgraded rehabilitated version of BOXN.The entire superstructure of MS replaced with Stainless steel (IRS: M 44). Height is 177 mm more than BOXN. Carrying capacity increased by 6t. Nine stanchions provided, instead of 6 in BOXN. Axle Load – 22.9t.
This wagon was designed in 2001 for transportation of coal with an axle load of 22.1t. Bogie – IRF 108HS. Its height is more than BOXN. The speed at 20.32t and 22.1t Axle Load 100/100 Kmph and at 22.82t Axle Load 60/65 Kmph.
- Designed in 1988 to meet the requirement of higher pay to tare ratio. Axle Load – 20.32t. Casnub22HS bogie, Width is 50 mm more than BOXN.
- Stainless steel (IRS: M44) & Corton steel (IRS: M41) used in body and under the frame and Cold Rolled Formed (CRF) sections were used in design to reduce the tare weight of the wagons. Manufacturing of this wagon started in 2005. Speed 100/100 Kmph.
In the year 2008, design and Suspension of BOXNLW modified for operation up to CC+8+2t. Speed 60/65Kmph for both CC+6+2t and CC+8+2t.
- Designed in the year 2005, 250mm longer, 76mm higher & 50mm wider than BOXN. Axle Load – 22.9t. Casunub22HS Bogie. Stainless steel(IRS: M44) and CRF section used in body and underframe to reduce tare weight (20.6t).
- Has been provided with improved quality coupler and draft gears. PU painting is used. Initially, red oxide color specified, later on, changed to pirogi blue.
- In red oxide color wagons ‘SS’ written on the side in a circle in pirogi blue color for identification. Speed 75/100 Kmph.
Designed in 2000 for long steel products. Axle Load – 20.32t.CASNUB 22HS Bogie. Speed 75/80 Kmph.
In 2006 for operation up to CC+6+2t, it is modified by providing additional springs. Differentiated from BOST by a caption “Fitted with additional springs for Axle Load 22.32t” in center of the wagon in Golden Yellow. Speed 60/65 Kmph.
Designed in 2004. The variant of BOST with Casnub 22HS (Mod-1)bogie for increased speed. It is differentiated from BOST by a Golden Yellow Band. Speed 100/100 Kmph.
BOST HS M1:
In 2007 for operation up to CC+6+2t. it is differentiated from BOSTHS by a caption “Fitted with additional spring for Axle Load 22.32t” in center of the Golden Yellow Band. Speed 60/80 Kmph.
BOST HS M2:
Designed in 2006 for increasing speed. Axle load 22.32t. The variant of BOSTHS with CASNUB 22HS (Mod-II). Speed 60/100
Designed in 1984 for transportation of bagged commodities. Axle Load 20.32t. present stock is mostly with CASNUB 22NLB, Speed 75/80 Kmph.
BCN M 1:
Introduced in 2006 for operation up to CC+8+2t. It is differentiated from BCN by a caption “Fitted with additional springs for Axle Load 22.82t” in center of the wagon in Golden yellow. Golden Yellow Band is provided on bogie side frame also. Speed 75/80 Kmph for CC+6+2t and 65/80 Kmph for CC+8+2t.
Designed in 1990 by reducing the length of BCN wagon and increasing height, thereby increasing the number of wagons in a rake to 44.Axle Load 20.32t. Bogie is CASNUB 22NLB, Speed 80/80 Kmph.
Introduced in 2006 for operation up to CC+8+2t. It is differentiated from BCNA by a caption “Fitted with additional springs for Axle Load 22.82 t” in center of the wagon in Golden yellow. Golden Yellow
The band is provided on bogie side frame also. Speed 75/80 Kmph for CC+6+2t and 65/80 Kmph for CC+8+2t.
Designed in 2001, the variant of BCNA with CASNUB 22HS bogie for increased speed. It is differentiated from BCNA by a Golden yellow band. Speed 100/100 Kmph.
BCNA HSM 1:
Introduced in 2006 for operation up to CC+8+2t. It is differentiated from BCNAHS by a caption “Fitted with additional springs forAxle Load 22.82t” in center of the wagon in Golden yellow. Golden Yellow Band is provided on bogie side frame also. Speed 75/100 Kmph for CC+6+2t and 65/100 Kmph for CC+8+2t.
- Designed in2006 for bagged commodities. Axle Load 22.9t.Length is further reduced and both width and height increased compared to BCNA.
- Hence the number of wagons per rake increased to 58. Bogie is of CASNUB 22 HS type. Stainless steel (IRSM: M44) and CRF sections used in body and underframe construction to reduce the tare weight.
- Has been provided with improved quality coupler and draft gears. PU painting of Phiroziblue color is used. Speed 65/65 Kmph.
BCCN/BCCN A/BCCN B:
BCN variants for carrying bulk cement (not packed in bags). Loading is through ports at the top; unloading via chutes at the bottom.
- These are not narrow-gauge wagons, despite the classification code.The class code ‘NMG’ stands for ‘New Modified Goods’These are single-decker automobile carriers constructed out of old ICF and BEML passenger coaches.
- The design is not entirely uniform but generally, all the windows and doors on the side walls are removed and the opening closed. End body is modified by providing doors to allow vehicles to be driven into it.
Designed in 1992 for transportation of rails and heavy steel products.Axle Load 20.32t. provided with “CASNUB” 22 NLB, Speed 75/80 Kmph.
Designed in 1994, improved version of BRN. The design is riveted cum welded construction. Higher pay to tare ratio, compared to BRN. Other parameters are same as BRN. Speed 75/80 Kmph.
Designed in 2001. The variant of BRNA with CASNUB22HS bogies for increased speed. Speed 100/100 Kmph.
Designed in 2002 especially for transportation of hot rolled/cold rolled coils, plates, sheets, and billets etc. This is the first wagon designed in Indian Railways to carry point load. Provided with CASNUB 22HS bogie, Axle Load 20.32t. Speed 100/100 Kmph.
This bogie rail wagon was designed in 2004 for use of Engineering department of various Zonal Railways for Track Relaying Train(TRT), especially for loading RCC sleepers. Axle Load 20.32t. provided with CASNUB 22HS Bogies. The design was provided with Transition CBC and air brake system. Speed 50/65 Kmph.
Designed in 1994 for transportation of iron ore, Axle Load 22.9t.Provided with modified CASNUB 22NLB bogie. It is provided with side discharge.Speed 75/75 Kmph.
In 2006 for operation at A/L 25t, suspension of BOBSN modified by providing 4 additional inner springs, Bogie renamed as Casnub22NLC. Speed 50/60.
Designed in 1986 for transportation of Coal, it is provided with bottom discharge. Axle Load 20.32t. Provided with CASNUB 22NLB bogie, Speed 80/80 Kmph.
Introduced in 2006 for operation up to CC+6+2t. It is differentiated from BOBR by caption “Fitted with additional springs for A/L 22.32t” in center of the wagon in Golden Yellow. Golden Yellow Band is provided on bogie side frame also. Speed 70/75 Kmph.
Designed in the year 1991 by reducing the length of BOBR wagon to increase the number of wagons in a rake to 58 (from 53 of BOBR). Axle Load 20.32t. provided with CASNUB NLB bogie. Speed75/70 Kmph.
Introduced in 2006 for operation up to CC+6+2t, it is differentiated from BOBRN by a caption “Fitted with additional springs for A/L 22.32t” in center of the wagon in Golden Yellow. Golden Yellow Band is provided on bogie side frame also. Speed 70/80 Kmph.
Designed in 2006 for Axle load of 22.32t. The variant of BOBRN with modified CASNUB 22HS Bogie for increased speed. Instead of BOBRNHS this (BOBRNHSM1) was manufactured. Speed 60/100 Kmph.
Introduced in 2008 for operation at Axle Load of 25t. It is differentiated from BOBRN by an olive Green band. Speed restricted to 50/65 Kmph.
Designed in the year 1996 for transportation of ballast for the engineering department. It has chutes at side & bottom for discharging ballast on both sides and center of rails. Provided with CASNUB 22NLB Bogie, Axle Load 20.32t. Speed 75/75 Kmph.
Bogie covered Hopper Wagon for Food Grain. This wagon has been designed for transportation of food grain in bulk. It is provided with CASNUB-22HS Mod-I bogie, Non-transition CBC, single pipe graduated release air brake system with automatic load sensing device. There are 2 Nos. gravity discharge gates at the bottom for unloading. Axle Load 21.82t, speed 65/65 Kmph.
Bogie Tank Wagon. This wagon was designed in 1986 for transportation of petroleum products i.e. Kerosene, petrol, diesel, and naphtha. Axle Load 20.32t. CASNUB 22 NLB bogie. Speed 80/80 Kmph.
- The improved version of BTPN, designed to increase the payload. This tank is without complete underframe; hence the tare weight is reduced from 27t to 23.53t.
- The payload is increased from 54.28t to 57.75t increasing the pay/tare ratio from 2.0 to 2.45. the volume is also increased from 70.4 m3 to 76 m3. since the underframe is not available the brake system is also modified to Bogie mounted brake system, with rigging components only on bogies.
This wagon is designed for transportation of LPG. Provided withThis wagon is designed for transportation of LPG. Provided withAir brake and CASNUB 22NLB bogie, Axle Load is 20.32t. Speed 75/80 Kmph.
Bogie Ammonia Tank Wagon. This tank wagon was designed in 1984 for transportation of anhydrous liquid ammonia. Provided with UIC Bogie, Axle Load is 20.32t. Speed 65/65 Kmph.
Bogie Caustic Soda Tank Wagon. This wagon was designed in 1980 for transportation of Caustic soda. Bogie CASNUB 22W. Axle Load 20.32t. Speed 65/65 Kmph.
Bogie Alumina Tank Wagon this wagon was designed in 1982 for transportation of Alumina powder. It
is gravity loaded and has the provision of fluidizing for evacuation. Present stock is fitted with CASNUB 22NLB bogie, Single pipe Air Brake System & non-transition high tensile CBC.Axle Load 20.32t. Speed 65/65 Kmph.
BVZI: Bogie Brake Van:
This 8-wheeled brake van was designed in 2004 with ICF bogie to achieve comfort level(Ride Index) equivalent to loco for goods guard and capable of running at 100 Kmph. The brake van is 5 meters longer than BVZC brake van.
4 Wheeler Brake Van with Air Brake.This 4-wheeled brake van is fitted with 9 plated laminated bearing springs.The wheelbase of 5400 mm. Fitted with the cylindrical roller bearing wheels.Auxiliary reservoir capacity is 75 ltrs. Brake cylinder dia 304mm/12 inches.Speed potential 100 Kmph.
Bogie Container Flat Wagon. Broad gauge Bogie Container flat wagon type BFKN is modified version of BFKI wagons, which are in operation on IR from 1975 for transportation of containers (max payload of 48t). Operating speed is 75 kmph.
Modified BFKN (Airbrake & enhanced payload) wagons can carry a payload of 61t. these wagons are fitted with indigenous designed Retractable Anchorage Locks (patented) to secure containers.
Bogie Low Platform Container Flat Wagon. Designed in 1994 for transportation of 20’ & 40’ long ISO containers with operation speed of100 kmph. Lower height of underframe floor from R/L has been achieved with the introduction of hybrid design of bogie frame, bolster and use of smaller diameter wheel in LCCF 20(C) bogie, Axle Load 20.32t. Speed 100/100 Kmph. Provided with Automatic twist lock for securing of containers on the wagon.
Bogie Low Platform Longer Container Flat Wagon.Designed jointly by RDSO & RITES in 2001 for transportation of 22’,24’ & 45’ containers. There is provision for carrying 20’ & 40’ long ISO containers also.Except for the underframe, the bogies are all of BLC wagons. Axle Load is 20.32t. Speed 100/100 Kmph.
DOUBLE STACK CONTAINER OPERATION:
In March 2006 double stack container train operation started with the restricted speed of 75kmph. This was for the first time in the world that double stack container train operation of the flat wagon was done. Speed 75/75 Kmph.
In the year 2007 bogie of BLC wagon was modified by providing upgraded side bearer, upgraded friction wedge & 2 additional inner springs for double stack container operation with Axle Load of 22t & 100kmph.
In the year 2007, to meet the immediate requirement of auto car industry, design of existing container flat wagons (A type & B type) modified by provision of a suitable bi-level structure for transportation of auto cars. One rake can carry up to 270 auto cars. Two such rakes converted by Jagadhari Workshops are in operation.