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Fracture Or Dislocation:
- The person is seriously injured.
- You suspect injury to the person’s head, neck, or back.
- Bone is sticking out of the skin.
- Bleeding doesn’t stop after several minutes of firm pressure.
- Blood spurts from the wound.
Stop Bleeding, if Necessary:
- Apply firm pressure to wound with the clean cloth until bleeding stops.
- If the bone is pushing through the skin, do not touch it or try to put it back in place.
Splint the Area, if Possible:
- Cut away clothing if it cannot be removed without moving the injured body part.
- Gently tape the dislocated area or fracture to a rolled-up newspaper, ruler, or a rolled-up piece of clothing with first aid As much as possible, avoid moving the injured limb, and never force it or try to twist it back into place.
Reduce Swelling and Prevent Injury:
- Apply an ice pack wrapped in cloth or a cold compress.
- Elevate the injured area if possible.
- Manage Pain and Inflammation:
- For pain, give painkillers
- Get Medical Help As Soon as Possible
- The doctor will X-ray the dislocation or fracture and may realign and set it.
- The doctor may apply a splint or cast, or surgery may be required.